Doing Battle With Fleas

Doing Battle With Fleas

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Dog scratching fleas
Photo credit: © Luzpower | Dreamstime.com

The higher the temperature gets, the more anxious I get about fleas. Once the temperature hits the 70 to 90 degree range, conditions are ripe for fleas to hatch.

When you have a dog who is itchy, scratchy and licky in the best of times, fleas make life so much more complicated. Fleas are the most common source of itchiness in a dog, and thus what a vet will zoom in on first. Visit after visit last year, I debated with Spike’s vet what to do about his constant paw-licking, rump-chewing and scratching. I was leaning heavily toward allergy testing.

Our vet focused on flea control. We would turn Spike over and, sure enough, a flea or two could be seen. She pointed out that even if Spike had allergies, we’d still have to deal with the fleas.

Tips for Controlling Fleas

Fighting fleasBut how? Spike is only outdoors for his daily walks. Fleas can jump up to seven inches vertically and up to 13 inches horizontally.  Spike’s legs are only five inches long. The Frontline I’d always used seemed to be doing nothing.

Here is what his vet recommended:

  • Daily vacuuming. This made my eyes roll. While I now vacuum a lot more, I must confess I haven’t consistently made it to daily vacuuming. Until recently, I also didn’t understand how it helps interrupt a flea’s life cycle. An adult female flea lays about 25 fleas a day. Most fall off a dog on to its bedding, furniture or carpeting. Once the eggs hatch, flea larvae crawl about feeding on organic debris and adult flea feces (a vital component of their successful survival). With rigorous vacuuming, you can remove eggs, their food sources and even the cocooned flea pupa before they become adults. This also means vacuuming couch cushions and under furniture if your dog sleeps nearby.  Lastly, you have to remove the vacuum cleaner bag, seal it, wrap it in plastic and get it out of the house.
  • Washing dog beds and blankets every couple of days. Wherever a dog spends time, fleas and their eggs, larvae and pupa are likely to be found.  Washing bedding or rugs in hot water (140 degrees F) and drying them in a dryer is as important as vacuuming.
  • Weekly baths with a mild shampoo. This helps get rid of fleas, but it also helps remove anything from the environment — pollen, dust or garden chemicals, for example — that might cause itching. Spike also had dry skin and fur. I added oil to his diet and used Demoscent, a blend of essential oils and fatty acids applied like flea control products.
  • Flea-combing after a walk. I would lay Spike down on a white towel, have a bowl of detergent and water close and comb through his fur. When I captured a flea, I would drown it in the detergent water. Usually I found some fleas, but hardly an infestation. It was a great bonding time for Spike and me.
  • Washing his feet in a mild cider vinegar and water mixture after a walk to help relieve the paw-licking. I did use a mild cider vinegar and water rinse after his weekly shampoo, but for a dog who walks at least three to four times a day, this was more than I could handle.
  • Calling in Fleabusters or buying the Fleabusters powder and applying it myself. This is a white, nontoxic boric acid and salts mixture that destroys the outer shells of fleas, cockroaches, termites, silverfish and other insects.  It is less toxic than salt and can be handled safely with bare hands. You sprinkle it over floors and sweep it into cracks or carpet pile with a broom. It should also be rubbed on couch cushions and into crevices of furniture. A three-pound canister costs about $30 on Amazon.com and will treat about five rooms. In October, before a two-week road trip, I spent an afternoon applying the powder. The next day, we left and the powder sat undisturbed until we returned.

Fleabusters was a lot of work to use, but it lasts a year. Spike did seem to scratch less when we came back, although he still licked his paws. Was it the Fleabusters? Was it the change of environment from Los Angeles to Yellowstone and all points in between?  Was it the change of season to cooler temperatures? I suspect it was all of those factors

Now we’re into a new season of heat, and I need to go back to the drawing board to develop a strategy for this year’s battle against fleas.

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